Pre-operative Preparation / Diagnosis
A corneal transplant may be recommended only after other viable options to treat the corneal trauma or disease have been discussed and exhausted. The surgery does not require any extra preparation though some ophthalmologists recommend a complete physical examination of the patient. Any active eye infection or inflammation has to be brought under control before the surgery.
The patient will need to undergo an examination by the ophthalmologist who will diagnose the condition after examining the eye. The state of the eye, various treatment options available and their success rate, their risks and benefits will be discussed with the patient. Once the patient consents to the surgery, a physical examination and lab tests such as X-rays, blood test or an EKG may be ordered.
The human donor is checked for viruses which cause AIDS and hepatitis, and the cornea is checked thoroughly for clarity.