What is Pancreas?
Located in the abdominal cavity of human beings, behind the stomach to be particular, Pancreas is a vital organ of the human digestive system and endocrine system. It is a flattened gland secreting a number of essential hormones in the human body including insulin, somatostatin, pancreatic polypeptide and glucagon. Insulin secreted by Pancreas makes it an essential organ for controlling blood sugar levels in human body. It releases pancreatic juice that contains various digestive enzymes; these digestive enzymes help small intestine in nutrient absorption and the digestion process.
Why is Transplant Needed?
Pancreas could have to be transplanted due to various reasons; major ones amongst them are discussed below-
Pancreas transplant can be achieved only through a full-fledged, major surgery. The surgical process of transplanting a Pancreas does not involve taking out the native pancreas of the patient out of his or her body; only the new, healthy pancreas is implanted into the patient’s body.
Pancreas transplant procedure starts by giving general anesthesia to the patient and putting him or her on the breathing machine. The surgeons then make an incision in the lower part of the abdomen nearby the pancreas location in the body. The native pancreas of the patient is not removed and is left at its original location. The new pancreas is placed in the lower abdomen of the patient by attaching it to the necessary blood vessels, bladder, and intestine.
The Pancreas transplant procedure enjoys several advantages over other prevalent treatment methods, as discussed below: -
Most of the patients need intensive care after the surgical process. So they are directly sent to the ICU, for around 4 to 5 days, after the surgery gets over. In most of the cases, patients get discharged after 6 to 7 days. There are many things that one needs to take care of after the pancreas transplant. Some of which are discussed below –
Patients need to come to the hospital regularly after undergoing the pancreas transplant surgery. These follow-ups help to recover better and stronger as the doctor is able to closely monitor the patient.